Edward S. Curtis

Edward S. Curtis. The North American Indian: being a series of volumes picturing and describing the Indians of the United States, and Alaska. Vol. 3. Seattle: by the author, 1908.

From 1907 to 1930, photographer Edward S. Curtis published 20 volumes dedicated to documenting Native American culture.  Organized by tribe and cultural region, the work is considered both controversial for its frequently staged portrayals and historically significant for its scope.  It is the grandest illustrated work ever produced in the United States (Audubon's "Birds of America" being printed in England), is the most important illustrated work on Native Americans, and is the single greatest book in the category of Western Americana.

Link: Library of Congress website about the series.