Johannes de Ketham

Johannes de Ketham. Fasciculus Medicinae. Venice: Johannes and Gregorius de Gregoriis, de Forlivio, 1500.

Shown here in its third Latin edition, the Fasciculus Medicinae is the first printed medical book to include illustrations.  Executed in woodcuts, which are specially hand-colored here, this scientific text contains ten anatomical illustrations with realistic figures that give it a particularly humanist aspect.  Actually a collection of treatises, the book contains writings on not only anatomy, but also surgery, urology, gynecology, and pediatrics, among other topics. 

Link: U.S. National Library of Medicine digitization.